Blood pressure is the pressure at which blood flows through tiny tubes around the body and it is measured in two numbers. The top one is the pressure at which blood is pumped out of the heart while the lower one is the pressure at which blood flows back into the heart from the body when your heart relaxes.
It is important this pressure is within a normal range. For most adult the average normal blood pressure is 120/80. Anyone can measure their blood pressure at home using a blood pressure home measurement kit.
If your blood pressure is continuously higher than normal, it is very important that you see a doctor who will be able to tell you if you have hypertension which is a condition when you have a persistently high blood pressure.
It is very important you get a treatment for hypertension as if not treated you stand a high risk of having the long-term effect of hypertension such as:
- damage to blood tubes in brain leading to a stroke
- damage to blood tubes in the eyes causing sudden or gradual deterioration to your eyesight
- damage to the blood tubes in the heart leading to risk of heart failure and heart attack
- damage to the blood tubes in the kidneys leading to kidney failure later in life.
Few things you can do at home if you have raised blood pressure, but it is still important to get a personalised health advice from your doctor:
- Try nutritionally balanced diet
- Have regular exercise for example swimming running walking for at least 150mins weekly
- Stop smoking
- Reduce caffeine intake
- Reduce salt intake
- Reduce alcohol intake
What is nutritionally balanced diet?
- 5 portions of fruit and vegetables daily
- Starchy food high in fibre (bread, pasta, rice, potatoes)
- Low Fat dairy product (milk and cheese)
- Small amount of protein (egg)
It is important to grill or steam your food instead of frying.
You can register here for personalised healthcare from us and consult online with any of our doctors about your health issues.